Getting Started Using Minikube

This guide uses minikube to demonstrate deployment and operation of Cilium in a single-node Kubernetes cluster. The minikube VM requires approximately 5GB of RAM and supports hypervisors like VirtualBox that run on Linux, macOS, and Windows.

Install kubectl & minikube

  1. Install kubectl version >= v1.10.0 as described in the Kubernetes Docs.
  2. Install minikube >= v1.3.1 as per minikube documentation: Install Minikube.

Note

It is important to validate that you have minikube v1.3.1 installed. Older versions of minikube are shipping a kernel configuration that is not compatible with the TPROXY requirements of Cilium >= 1.6.0.

minikube version
minikube version: v1.3.1
commit: ca60a424ce69a4d79f502650199ca2b52f29e631
  1. Create a minikube cluster:
minikube start --network-plugin=cni --memory=4096
  1. Mount the BPF filesystem
minikube ssh -- sudo mount bpffs -t bpf /sys/fs/bpf

Note

In case of installing Cilium for a specific Kubernetes version, the --kubernetes-version vx.y.z parameter can be appended to the minikube start command for bootstrapping the local cluster. By default, minikube will install the most recent version of Kubernetes.

Install Cilium

Install Cilium as DaemonSet into your new Kubernetes cluster. The DaemonSet will automatically install itself as Kubernetes CNI plugin.

kubectl create -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/cilium/cilium/1.6.1/install/kubernetes/quick-install.yaml

Validate the Installation

You can monitor as Cilium and all required components are being installed:

kubectl -n kube-system get pods --watch
NAME                                    READY   STATUS              RESTARTS   AGE
cilium-operator-cb4578bc5-q52qk         0/1     Pending             0          8s
cilium-s8w5m                            0/1     PodInitializing     0          7s
coredns-86c58d9df4-4g7dd                0/1     ContainerCreating   0          8m57s
coredns-86c58d9df4-4l6b2                0/1     ContainerCreating   0          8m57s

It may take a couple of minutes for all components to come up:

cilium-operator-cb4578bc5-q52qk         1/1     Running   0          4m13s
cilium-s8w5m                            1/1     Running   0          4m12s
coredns-86c58d9df4-4g7dd                1/1     Running   0          13m
coredns-86c58d9df4-4l6b2                1/1     Running   0          13m

Deploy the connectivity test

You can deploy the “connectivity-check” to test connectivity between pods.

kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/cilium/cilium/1.6.1/examples/kubernetes/connectivity-check/connectivity-check.yaml

It will deploy a simple probe and echo server running with multiple replicas. The probe will only report readiness while it can successfully reach the echo server:

kubectl get pods
NAME                     READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
echo-585798dd9d-ck5xc    1/1     Running   0          75s
echo-585798dd9d-jkdjx    1/1     Running   0          75s
echo-585798dd9d-mk5q8    1/1     Running   0          75s
echo-585798dd9d-tn9t4    1/1     Running   0          75s
echo-585798dd9d-xmr4p    1/1     Running   0          75s
probe-866bb6f696-9lhfw   1/1     Running   0          75s
probe-866bb6f696-br4dr   1/1     Running   0          75s
probe-866bb6f696-gv5kf   1/1     Running   0          75s
probe-866bb6f696-qg2b7   1/1     Running   0          75s
probe-866bb6f696-tb926   1/1     Running   0          75s

Next steps

Now that you have a Kubernetes cluster with Cilium up and running, you can take a couple of next steps to explore various capabilities: